Child Welfare

Family-Focused Services for TANF Participants Facing Acute Barriers to Work: Pathways to Implementation

Stanczyk, A.
Carnochan, S.
Hengeveld-Bidmon, E.
Austin, Michael J.
2018

In 2014, California implemented the Family Stabilization (FS) program within its Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs). FS fills two key service gaps in TANF that have been identified in the literature—namely, addressing participant barriers to work and supporting child well-being. Research on programs addressing these gaps in TANF remains limited.

Using Qualitative Data-Mining to Identify Skillful Practice in Child Welfare Case Records

Carnochan, S.
Weissinger, E.
Henry, C.
Liner-Jigamian, N.
Austin, Michael J.
2018

Using qualitative data-mining methods, this study analyzed 39 child welfare case records in order to identify examples of skillful practice. Conducted in partnership with a public child welfare agency in northern California, the study found that child welfare workers are implementing many of the practices promoted by statewide and national child welfare practice frameworks. Broad categories of skillful practice identified included: (1) effective communication by social workers, (2) support for client self-determination, and (3) active intervention strategies.

Parental substance use: How child welfare workers make the case for court intervention

Henry, C.
Liner-Jigamian, N.
Carnochan, S.
Taylor, S.
Austin, Michael J.
2018

Parental substance use (PSU) is a factor in many child welfare cases; however, little is known about how child welfare agencies and their workers make the case to juvenile or family courts that PSU-related acts and omissions are harmful to children. This qualitative data-mining study explores the ways in which child welfare workers draw on child maltreatment statutes, risk assessment tools, and practice guidelines to frame evidence and make the case that PSU is harmful or poses a substantial risk of harm to children.

Exploring trauma-informed practice in public child welfare through qualitative data-mining of case records

Taylor, S.
Battis, C.
Carnochan, S.
Henry, C.
Balk, M.
Austin, Michael J.
2018

The overwhelming majority of youth in the child welfare system (CWS) have experienced trauma. This qualitative data-mining study of case records explores how trauma manifests in child welfare and how child welfare workers engage youth who have experienced trauma. Case records revealed that youth exhibit many signs and symptoms of complex trauma, however, most did not have a trauma-related mental health diagnosis. The records included examples of how child welfare workers utilized elements of trauma-informed practice.

Emancipating from Foster Care in the Bay Area: What Types of Programs and Services Are Available for Youth Aging Out of the Foster Care System?

Lenz-Rashid, Sonja
2006

This BASSC Monograph examines the current needs of youth aging out of the foster care system and programs developed to assist youth with their transition to adulthood and independent living. It is based upon a review of the most up to date national and state empirical research to identify what the challenges youth aging out of care face. It is also based upon interviews with program administrators of Independent Living Skills Programs, community­based organizations, and private foundations and endowments. 

Identifying Skillful Practice in Child Welfare Case Record Data Through the Use of Qualitative Data-Mining

Carnochan, S.
Weissinger, E.
Austin, M.J.
2015

This study addresses the need for research that examines child welfare practice. It documents frontline practice as reflected in the case records created by child welfare workers as part of their day-to-day work, and identifies skillful practices in these records. The analysis examines the relationship between child welfare worker practices and short-term client outcomes in cases involving youth in foster care, identifying examples from case record data to enhance our understanding of skillful child welfare practice.