This analysis of welfare reform in Great Britain and the United States is based upon extensive interviews with local administrators responsible for implementing welfare reform in both countries. It focuses on a description of the implementation of the New Deal Lone Parent program in Great Britain that parallels the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families welfare reform program in the United States.
This body of research is based on a continuing search for ideas and experiences emerging from work with NGOs in developing countries that have implications for nonprofits in developed countries. The research includes NGO capacity building, pioneering NGOs, issues of gender and poverty, and the impact of economic collapse.
This analysis reviews a comprehensive program carried out by an American international nongovernmental organization (INGO), the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJJDC) during the 2001 Argentine economic crisis. The study shows that there are four elements that are critical in such situations: simultaneous social assistance, economic revitalization, and community renewal inputs; capacity building for individuals and institutions; an integrated approach; and active community outreach and participation.
The term capacity building, within the context of international NGOs, often takes on a number of interpretations that fall into two forms of capacity. On one hand the term focuses on the community, referring to a facilitated process that supports communities to: develop their own direction in the solving of local collective problems; build off of existing community assets to improve community well-being, and create rubrics for measuring impact and growth.